-In contrast to most Asian countries
-Suicide rates more women than men
Special Correspondent: Suicide has become an alarming circumstance in the country due to multifarious reasons including social unrest, family and relationship breakdowns and declining family bonds. Apart from this, in general the reason behind most of the suicide attempts are issues ranging from depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and other substance abuse, schizophrenia and other psychoses, personality disorders, aggression, impulsivity, and hostility, hopelessness, heredity, childhood trauma, past attempts, and ideation.
Some 10,000 are committing suicide per year in Bangladesh and the share of female is more than male, according to a data of Bangladesh Society for the Enforcement of Human Rights.
The rate of suicides is sharply increasing in Bangladesh, according to data from Police Headquarters.
In 2019, 11,095 people committed suicide in Bangladesh, which means, on an average, 30 people kill themselves every day. Out of them, some 569 people hanged themselves, 3,467 took poison, and 59 people set themselves on fire. In 2019, the number increased to 11,095, followed by 10,600 in 2018, 10,500in 2017 and 10,200 in 20146, data of police headquarters.
Experts expressed their deep concern for rising suicide which is causing the immense shock for the whole nation. Natural death is the rule of the creator but suicide cases are not acceptable to all, they said.
They said people go through many hurdles and trauma in their daily lives but they do not receive the necessary social and psychological support to overcome these issues. They feel suicide is their only option out of their troubles.
On the other hand, in Bangladesh, the number of suicides is higher than the number of murders every year.
University of Dhaka’s Clinical Psychology Departmental head Dr Md Kamruzzaman Majumdar told daily Industry recently that when people do not get necessary support from their family and community, incidents of suicide increase.
The most common reason for suicide is mental pressure and grief. These people tend to believe that their suffering is permanent so they commit suicide to free themselves of their misery.
Feelings of inadequacy contribute to ultimately feeling helpless. These negative feelings constantly keep an individual under pressure. Moreover, because we lead very busy lives, we do not give time to our friends and family, he also said.
Family and the state can play an active role in remedying the situation. “I have had clients who have tried to commit suicide in the past. When I asked why they wanted to end their own lives, they often talked about many issues and general lack of support from family.
“If we can solve these issues, the rate of suicide will come down. We have to listen to these people, we have to give them time,” he said.
The suicide cases are also witnessed among the student because of their unexpected results.
But the police, activists, and experts concur strongly that the actual numbers would be much higher as many incidents go unreported. Activists believe the suicide rates are higher in rural areas than urban areas.
Bangladesh Society for the Enforcement of Human Rights (BSEHR) Executive Director Mostafa Sohel Ahmed said impulsivity – hopelessness among youths, drug abuse, childhood trauma and past attempts and ideation are the leading causes of suicide attempts.
Zia Rahman, chairperson of the Department of Criminology at Dhaka University, said these fatal incidents are linked with mental depression and mental instability following several issues like unemployment, social insecurity, romantic failure, and family dispute.
Joyosree Jaman, a social activist also noted the rise in digital technology and their adverse effects as a major factor in the rise of suicide rates. She said most young people fail to control difficult situations which arise from incidents over social media.
The unavailability of counseling and lack of awareness aggravates mental issues and increase the likelihood of suicide attempts, she said.
Prof Kamruzzaman Majumdar, head of the Department of Clinical Psychology at Dhaka University, said the lack of support from families and communities is another major source of concern.
“Many people believe their suffering is permanent and the only way to end their misery is by taking their lives”, he said.
In contrast to most Asian countries, the suicide rates lean more towards women than men in Bangladesh.
In 2014, the World Health Organization published a report titled “Preventing suicide: A global imperative” where it noted that suicide rates worldwide had fallen. Bangladesh scored 10th position in the list of high suicide-prone countries, as it witnessed nearly eight incidents of suicides among every 100,000 people, an official from the World Health Organisation said.
Bangladeshi activists and mental health experts have expressed grave concerns over the rise in suicides in recent years and called on the government to take effective measures to prevent such unnatural death.